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Enhancing Productivity on Sustainable Basis of Major Farming Systems


Crop Sector

Rice-wheat System

Improve productivity of the rice-wheat system by identifying gene sources, developing transgenic, and open pollinated cultivars to enhance yield potential and to control wheat diseases including karnal bunt & rusts  and bacterial leaf blight in rice.
Reduce time conflict between rice & wheat by developing  early maturing  Basmati varieties, and management practices.
Improve salt tolerance in rice and wheat
Improve sustainability of the rice-wheat system through crop rotation.
Develop economically viable labour saving technologies for rice and wheat

Cotton-wheat System

Improve  productivity  of  the  cotton-wheat  system  by  identifying  gene  sources, developing transgenic, and open pollinated cultivars to enhance yield potential and to control/manage rusts, karnal bunt, , and high temperature at maturity in wheat and Cotton Leaf Curl Virus disease, bollworms, & mealybug in cotton
Reduce time conflict between cotton & wheat by developing early maturing cotton varieties, and management practices.
Improve sustainability of the cotton-wheat system through developing early maturing cotton varieties, and management practices.

Mixed-cropping System

Develop high yielding varieties of sugarcane having high sucrose and good ratooning
Develop appropriate management practices for weed control in sugarcane and maize
Develop genotypes of wheat and sugarcane tolerant to salinity and sodicity
Improve productivity in maize by developing high-yielding hybrids with heat & drought tolerance
Develop appropriate and economically viable labour saving technologies in sugarcane and maize
High   yield/multi-cut  and  improved  quality  fodder  for  summer  under  irrigated environment

Low-input Intensity and Rainfed System

Develop high-yielding, and low input responsive varieties of wheat and maize
Develop  high-yielding,  disease  resistant,  (blight  in  chickpea  and  lentil  and  wilt  in chickpea, yellow mosaic virus in mungbean) varieties of Pulses
Developing high yielding, drought tolerant, low input responsive and herbicide resistant groundnut varieties
Develop high-yielding varieties of sorghum and millet
Crop rotation research for rainfed areas
High yield/ multi-cut and improved quality fodder
Protocol for establishment of certified mother plants of fruits (Olive, Peaches, Grapes, Stone fruits, etc)
Fodder preservation techniques like hay, silage, etc.
Research on forages fortification for better production
Develop economically viable labour saving technologies for groundnut and wheat

Peri-urban production system

Develop high yielding vegetables hybrids/varieties (especially in tomatoes, potatoes and chillies) tolerant to heat and frost
Integrated pests control methods including resistant varieties for vegetables grown in peri-urban areas especially in:

Crop   Insects   Diseases
Potatoes    Mites,whitefly, jassid, armyworm, aphids   Viruses, lateblight, Rhizoctonia,common   scab,   Fusarium   wilt, Mycoplasma
Onions   Thrips    Downy mildew, purple blotch
Cucurbits   Red pumpkin beetle, fruit fly   Powdery  and  downy  mildews, anthracnose, wilt
Peas   -   Wilt and powdery mildew
Chillies   Helicoverpa, sucking pests   Root and collar rot, viruses
Tomatoes   Helicoverpa, sucking pests   Phytophthora blight,viruses, wilt
Okra   Earis   sp.   Sucking   pests,shoot borer   Wilt, viruses, Meloidogyne sp
Brinjal   Fruit and shoot borer,sucking pests, red mites   Root and collar rot, Meloidogyne sp. Leaf spots
Bittergourd   Fruit fly   Myrothecium leaf spot and seed borne diseases
Cabbage   Cabbage top borer, armyworm, cabbage  butter fly and semi looper   Cabbage  stem  and     head  rot, downy mildew

Develop suitable technologies for enhancing food quality and reducing seasonality through tunnel and green house cultivation
Documenting food quality such as pesticide(s) residue, heavy metal contamination and mycotoxins in major fruits and vegetables, and develop remedial technologies and measures.
Develop technologies for safe use of sewerage water and biosolids

Livestock Sector

Productivity enhancement of Milk in large ruminants

Development of cost effective, good quality feed/total mix ration, and feed supplements
Determination of nutritional requirements at different physiological stages
Development of management and nutrition schemes and other measures for the purpose of

  • Reduction in puberty age of animals
  • Reducing inter-calving interval
  • Increasing production life of dairy animals
  • Reduction of disease(s) incidence
  • Reduction in birth related problems

Epidemiology and control of important diseases especially Foot and Mouth Disease,
Haemorrhagic septicemia, Black quarter, Mastitis, Brucellosis, Endo and Ecto- parasites,
Hemo-parasites etc.
Development and improvement of semen preservation techniques
Hormonal management and manipulation of summer (low productivity period) avestrus especially in buffalo though, nutrition, management, etc.
Research on determination of timing of ovulation and optimal timing of insemination to increase conception rate
Determination of better techniques for determination of heat period especially in buffalo to increase production
Development of effective control of Protozoa diseases causing abortions and reproductive problems especially in cow using breeding, reproductive, nutrition, or management approaches
Development of milk replacers and early weaning diets for calves
Studies on the cause and control/management of early calf mortality
Selection and characterization of different breeds of camel for milk

Productivity enhancement of meat in large ruminants

Development of cost effective, balanced, and good quality feed/ Total Mix Ration, and feed supplements for fattening
Studies on identification of appropriate age of calves of buffalo and cattle for optimum beef production under different plans of nutrition
Research on growth hormones/enzymes for better growth and fattening of animals
Development of better specific breeds for meat

Productivity enhancement in small ruminants

Improving the productivity and reducing the cost of rearing of small ruminant by:

  • Specifying feeding requirements for enhanced meat and  milk (specially in goat) production
  • Specifying appropriate mineral requirements and feed supplements for grazing animals
  • Identifying optimum age for optimum meat production
  • Identifying cost-effective non-conventional feeds

Control of following diseases through balanced nutrition, appropriate management practices, and/or developing appropriate breed

  • Enterotoxaemia
  • Contagious caprine pulmo-pneumonia
  • Sheep pox
  • Parasites associated with grazin

Research on increasing fecundity of goat and sheep through different techniques like balanced nutrition, appropriate management practices and/or improving/developing better breeds etc.
Research on control of early mortality of lambs/kids by using balanced nutrition and control of diseases
Grazing/pastures management for better production